Photography is an excellent skill to master. You can take expert photos as keepsakes or consider photography as a profession. These days, almost anyone can learn the basic techniques of photography. Cameras have become more affordable, and even smartphones include sophisticated camera hardware for taking fantastic photos. Shooting a picture by pointing and shooting a camera is easy, but what sets a professional apart from an amateur is vision and perspective.
A fundamental element that distinguishes a good photo from a bad picture is lighting. A subject with good light can be poorly shot if there is a lack of skill, but any subject with poor lighting will never look good no matter how skilled the photographer is. Three factors affect how the camera captures light:
- The camera aperture refers to the lens opening size. A smaller aperture means bigger lens opening. Conversely, larger aperture numbers indicate smaller lens opening.
- Shutter speed. How long or how short the shutter lens remains open dictates how much light enters. Shutter speed also affects motion photography. If the shutter speed is slow, movements are blurry.
- The camera ISO refers to the sensor’s sensitivity to light. For darker situations, ISO should be higher.
There are photography courses in London explicitly focused on these three factors affecting exposure.
The rule of thirds
Novice photographers are already familiar with the basic concept used in photography which is the rule of thirds. It helps the photographer compose a photograph by adequately placing the subject in the right section. By dividing the frame of the pictures into two horizontal and two vertical lines, you can quickly master the proper placement of the intended subject. Every photographer uses the rule of thirds in their composition, although everyone is still allowed some artistic freedom.
Experiment on perspectives
The most common viewpoint for taking photos is at eye level. Photos taken at eye level often look ordinary and boring. You can shoot pictures using a different perspective by doing any of the following:
- Vary your distance from the subject. You can take your photos closer or farther away.
- Use a different angle to take a picture. A favourite way to make a subject look tall is to shoot straight up or by slightly skewing the angle of the camera for a more exciting view.
- You can elevate yourself and take photos from above or from below the subject.
You can experiment by combining any of the three tips above. The more you try different perspectives, you’ll find that your photos become more interesting.
Consider retouching and editing your photos
Post-processing photos does not mean you have to alter the picture by heavy editing or filters. Raw images, when taken expertly are excellent as is. However, a little bit of retouching can enhance the look of the finished product. Subtle enhancements that you can do for stylistic purposes are acceptable.
Nevertheless, it does not stop other photographers from going a bit overboard. Whether to retouch or edit photos is entirely up to you. It depends on your vision and aesthetics.